We use some essential cookies to make this website work.
We’d like to set additional cookies to understand how you use GOV.UK, remember your settings and improve government services.
You can change your cookie settings at any time.
Find information and services
Search for a department and find out what the government is doing
Departments, agencies and public bodies
News stories, speeches, letters and notices
Detailed guidance, regulations and rules
Reports, analysis and official statistics
Consultations and strategy
Data, Freedom of Information releases and corporate reports
Updated 22 November 2021
© Crown copyright 2021
This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: [email protected].
Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.
This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/document-checks-and-charges-for-carriers/charging-procedures-a-guide-for-carriers-accessible-version
The aim of this guide is to help you as carriers understand:
You can become liable for Section 40 charges under Section 40 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 which came into effect on 8 December 2002. This Act replaced The Immigration (Carriers’ Liability) Act 1987 (ICLA).
Under UK legislation as the owners, agents or operators of a ship or aircraft [footnote 2] you may become liable for a charge of £2,000 for every passenger arriving in the UK without:
Section 40 charges do not apply to persons who are British or Irish Citizens. However, following the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020 and the end of the transition period at 23:00 hours on 31 December 2020, charges will apply to nationals of the European Economic Area and Switzerland [footnote 3], unless they are protected under terms of the Withdrawal Agreement.[footnote 4]
At some ports Section 40 charges are now being raised in ‘no document’ cases as a result of CCTV linkage to a particular flight. There are two types of linkage – confirmed and unconfirmed. Whether a link is confirmed or unconfirmed is decided by a camera audit and not by an individual person. A Section 40 charge will be raised in all cases of CCTV linkage.
A Confirmed link is one which is definitive and not in any reasonable doubt (i.e. where there is a dedicated camera covering just one gate). In these circumstances a Notification of a Potential Liability to a Charge (Form IS80B) will be issued.
An Unconfirmed link is one which is not definitive (i.e. where the camera is not necessarily on a gate but viewing a pier/walkway or where there is a possibility of traffic from two or more flights merging on a camera). In these circumstances it will usually be decided that no action will be taken, and a Notification of Arrival of an Improperly Documented Passenger (Form IS80A) will be issued.
You do not need to satisfy yourself that the person will be acceptable to the United Kingdom authorities on arrival. That judgement can only be exercised by a UK Border Force officer. However, you are expected to make sure that:
The responsibility for deciding whether to carry the person rests with you as the carrying company in every case.
A person requires a visa if:
You can obtain information about which nationalities require visas and transit visas from the GOV.UK website Visa and Direct Airside Transit Visa (DATV) nationals or from the Visa Information Card (VIC) which can be obtained free of charge from the Carriers’ Liaison Section at the following address:
Carriers’ Liaison Section
2nd Floor, Amadeus
The Quartet, Mondial Way
Telephone: 020 3014 8282
Or by email to: [email protected]
As a carrier you will be liable to a charge if a person requires a visa but does not have a valid visa of the required kind. This means that you will need to identify those passengers who are travelling only to the UK and those passengers who are simply transiting through the UK as part of a journey to another country.
If the passenger intends to stay in the UK, the visa must be valid for the passenger to enter the United Kingdom. In most cases, if the passenger has a valid entry visa, you need not be concerned about the purpose for which the visa was issued, such as “Visit” or “Student”.
Please see Section 2.4 if the visa is endorsed “Child visitor”.
A visa endorsed “Direct Airside Transit” is not valid for entry to the United Kingdom.
You should check the:
If a passenger has a visa endorsed “Child visitor”, you should check whether the visa is endorsed “accompanied” or “unaccompanied”.
Where the visa is endorsed “accompanied,” the visa will give details of the adult or adults who must accompany the child. If a child who has a child visit visa endorsed “accompanied” arrives either alone or with a person other than the person specified in the visa, then you will be liable to a charge.
Once a child holding an “accompanied child visitor” visa reaches the age of 18 the visa reverts to an ordinary “unaccompanied” visa.
Children holding “unaccompanied” visas may travel alone or with any adult.
Landside Transit without Visa Scheme (TWOV):
Landside transit passengers are those who need or wish to pass through the UK border and enter the UK (e.g. to change airports, or to collect baggage or where a passenger has arrived at an airport where no airside transit is possible)
At the time of check-in the passenger must:
Where UK Border Force has doubts about the genuineness of the passenger, the passenger may be refused entry to the UK and you may be directed to remove the passenger back to their original departure point.
ALL visa nationals may TWOV if they satisfy the three conditions set out above and also have one of the exemption documents listed below:
The passenger must be intending to travel to one of the four countries listed above. However this need not be immediately after departure from the UK (for example the following routings are acceptable for TWOV):
The entire journey must be part of a reasonable single journey from the passenger’s initial point of departure. Breaks are allowed provided all the travel is part of the same journey.
When the passenger is travelling from Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the United States of America and has a valid visa and a valid ticket.
The passengers are usually returning to their place of residence from a visit to one of the four countries listed above. They do not need to be travelling in direct transit to their final destination and side visits may be made (for example: Los Angeles – London Heathrow – Madrid – London Heathrow –Mumbai provided the passenger is assured of entry to the country being visited on the side trip – in this example Spain). Entry must be assured – a Category “C” Schengen visit visa would be sufficient. The entire journey must be part of a reasonable single journey to the passenger’s final destination. Breaks are allowed provided all the travel is part of the same journey.
2. When the passenger is travelling from Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the United States of America and has a valid ticket to travel through the UK not more than six months after he entered one of these countries with a valid visa.
This section applies to passengers who have entered one of the four listed countries with a valid visa and are now travelling via the UK not more than six months after entering with a valid visa. If a DATV national, for example an Indian, travelled to the USA with a visit visa, he then stayed for 5 months and then returned to India via the UK he would be able to TWOV. If however the same passenger remained in the USA for 10 months and then wanted to travel via the UK, unless he had been issued with a “Green Card” I-551, he would not be acceptable to TWOV. Whether the passenger legally extends their stay or not, if their intended return via the UK is more than six months since their entry with a visa, then a transit visa (DATV or Category “B” visa is required).
Passengers having transit visas for Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the United States of America are treated in the same way in (1) and (2) above.
3. Passengers who have a valid I-551 (Green Card) Permanent Residence card for the United States of America issued on or after 21 April 1998.
Expired I-551 Green Cards issued after 21 April 1998 can be accepted if the passenger also has a valid I-797 letter authorising the extension of the card. Valid I-551 Temporary Immigrant visas may be accepted. Passengers immigrating to the USA and having USA Immigration Form 155A/155B (attached to a sealed brown envelope) may also be accepted.
Please note that passengers with a USA visa foil marked “YY” or “ZZ” or “Not a visa Foil prepared at DHS request” cannot TWOV. This is not an acceptable document for TWOV. Passengers with a USA Adit stamp or any other stamp showing that processing is underway in the USA for residence, a transportation letter, any kind of parole letter in the USA or a sticker extension to an expired I-551 Permanent Residence card (without a valid accompanying I-797 letter) – these are not acceptable for passengers seeking to TWOV.
4. Passengers having a Canadian permanent residence card issued after 28 June 2002 or a new format PRC card issued in August 2009 are able to transit without visa. However, Canadian Citizenship cards are not acceptable as travel documents and should not be accepted in place of a permanent residence card.
5. Passengers who have a valid Permanent Residence Permit for Australia or New Zealand are able to transit without a visa
Please note that passengers having acceptable documents listed in (3), (4) and (5) above do not have to be travelling to, or have a valid ticket to or from, the country who issued them with the residence card.
For example a Nigerian who has a permanent residence card for Canada may travel TWOV on this route; Amsterdam – London Gatwick – London Heathrow – Los Angeles.
6. Passengers having a valid common format residence permit issued by an EEA state or Switzerland.
Passengers who have a valid common format residence permit issued by an EEA state or Switzerland do not have to be travelling to or from the country which issued the permit. Please note that there are several forms of residence permits issued by EEA states, but the only acceptable permits are those which are issued following the directions given in the Council Regulation (EC) No. 1030/2002.
These permits may take the form of a vignette (sticker) in a passport or a plastic card. There are several common features of these cards all set out in the directive – the permits are coloured mainly pink and blue, each has an EU Kinegram, also printed on the permits is the image of a bull and five stars. All other permits such as the large A4 sized Italian Permesso di Soggiorno, or an Irish Work Permit sticker are not common format residence permits and are not acceptable as an exemption document for DATV nationals seeking to TWOV.
7. Passengers who have a uniform format Category “D” visa for entry to an EEA state or Switzerland.
Category “D” uniform format visas are issued to those who have an authorised stay in an EEA state or Switzerland usually for more than 90 days – you may see some marked “D1” or “D2”. Passengers having Category “D” uniform format visas do not have to be travelling to or from the country which issued the visa.
Please note some uniform format visas may be endorsed “D”, “CD” or “C+D” – all these forms are acceptable. Those uniform format visas marked Category “A”, “B” or “C” are not acceptable to TWOV.
8. When the passenger has a valid uniform format Irish biometric visa endorsed “BC” or BC BIVS” and a ticket to the country for which the visa is issued. The passenger must be intending to travel directly to the Republic of Ireland by air.
When the passenger has a valid uniform format Irish biometric visa endorsed “BC” or BC BIVS” and a ticket from the country for which the visa is issued provided it is less than 3 months since the holder last entered there.
The passenger must be arriving direct from the Republic of Ireland by air and will normally be returning to their country of residence.
Where you genuinely believe that the passenger’s sole purpose in travelling to the United Kingdom was to travel on to another country, and he qualifies for a visa waiver under the terms notified by the International Civil Aviation Organisation, then the passenger may be accepted for carriage to the third country via the United Kingdom without a United Kingdom visa (i.e. Transit Without Visa).
However, if, under landside TWOV, a visa national passenger travels without a UK visa to a third country via the United Kingdom but is subsequently denied onward carriage by the airline whilst in the United Kingdom because of the detection of an inadequacy in documentation (for example a falsified passport), then this administrative concession will no longer apply. Therefore as the inward carrier you may be liable to a charge.
Airside transit passengers are those who do not need to change airports and do not need to pass through the UK border. Passengers cannot transit airside to the Republic of Ireland or anywhere within the Common Travel Area.
At the time of check-in the passenger must:
A non-DATV national may TWOV airside without a UK visa if they satisfy the three conditions set out above at 2.6.
DATV nationals may TWOV airside if they satisfy the three conditions set out above at 2.6 and have one of the exemption documents listed in section 2.5 OR one of the additional exemption documents listed below:
The passenger must be on a reasonable journey to or from a destination other than the Republic of Ireland in order to transit airside via the UK
2. When the passenger has a valid visa for USA, Australia, Canada, New Zealand. The passenger does not need to be travelling to or from one of the four countries listed above but must meet the airside TWOV requirements and be travelling as part of a reasonable single journey from the passenger’s initial point of departure via the United Kingdom. (For example an Indian national holding a valid USA visa and routed Mumbai – London Heathrow – Buenos Aires may TWOV airside; or a Russian holding a New Zealand visa and travelling Moscow – London Gatwick – Frankfurt – Windhoek)
3. When the passenger has a valid Schengen Approved (ADS) group tourism visa
4. The passenger must hold a valid airline ticket and be travelling to the Schengen country which issued the visa.
ADS visas are currently only issued to Chinese tour groups.
5. When the passenger has a valid Schengen Approved (ADS) group tourism visa
The passenger must hold a valid airline ticket and be travelling directly from the Schengen area and can demonstrate they entered there no more than 30 days previously on the basis of a valid Schengen ADS visa
E-Visas or E-Residence permits are not acceptable for airside transit unless the airline is able to verify it with the issuing country.
Visa nationals seeking to travel via the UK to the Republic of Ireland are able to do so without a visa provided that all the general conditions in section 2.5 above are met. A DAT visa, category ”A” allowing only airside transit is not valid for visa nationals seeking to TWOV as all flights to Ireland from UK airports are local flights and passengers must first enter the UK to join these flights. All DATV nationals require a UK visit visa (category “C” not category “A” or “B”) to travel on to Ireland unless they have one of the exemption documents listed in section 2.5 above.
As a carrier, you may be liable to a charge if a passenger presents a false passport or other document.
However, you will not be liable where the falsity is not ‘reasonably apparent’. UK Border Force would consider a falsity as reasonably apparent “If it were of a standard which a trained representative of the carrying company, examining it carefully but briefly and without the use of technological aids, could reasonably be expected to detect”. This means that you must be able to see the forgery with the naked eye without the use of any aids such as magnifying glasses, lights or other technical equipment.
A ‘trained representative’ means a check-in agent, or other staff member working for you or your handling agents, who is expected to have a basic knowledge of how to identify false documents, but not to be expert nor to have the resources for a highly detailed examination.
You may be liable to a charge where a person presents a document which may be genuine, but which does not belong to him. Liability will be based on whether the dissimilarity between the person and the photograph in the document is such that it is “reasonably apparent”
The trained representative should therefore carefully examine the photograph and personal details in the document and compare these with the person presenting it in order to detect any impersonation.
You may be liable to a charge where a person arrives with no documents, unless you are able to provide evidence that the person held the correct document at departure. In such circumstances you may not be liable unless it can be shown that the document held at departure was forged or related to another person and that, in either case, this was reasonably apparent.
Where you have doubts about the documents presented by the passenger, it is advisable to resolve those doubts before deciding whether to carry the passenger.
You can seek advice from a UK Border Force officer at the UK port of arrival, from a UK Immigration Liaison Manager (ILM) if you have one in your region, or from the nearest British Embassy/High Commission which has responsibility for issuing visas.
You should not rely solely on the advice received from the Control Authority at the port of embarkation.
Where doubts exist, a contemporaneous record of the document details (i.e. number, date and place of issue, visas(s) held) and of the steps taken to verify them may prove to be of assistance later. Photocopies, photographs or digital images of the documents may not in themselves justify waiving a charge.
The Home Office offers guidance on United Kingdom document requirements and on the detection of false documents and will consider requests for training to assist carriers in meeting their obligations under S.40 I&AA. Such requests should be made either to the Port Inspector/Senior Officer at the normal port of arrival or to the Carriers Liaison Section (for details see paragraph 2.1)
The UK Border Force will also try to give advice in response to individual enquiries from carriers, although this advice cannot always be definitive when the document and the passenger cannot be examined. Where the carrier receives such advice, it should note the time and date of the enquiry, the nature of the advice given, the officer’s name or warrant number and/or the reference number which the officer will normally allocate to the enquiry.
When the UK Border Force establishes that a person has arrived in the UK and has failed to produce the required documents, you or your handling agent will be notified of the person’s arrival as soon as practicable. You will also be given the opportunity to examine the document (if any was presented), and to speak to the person, provided that person agrees.
At this stage you may wish to make urgent enquiries to establish how the person may have evaded your own document examination and/or security operations at the originating port of embarkation.
The UK Border Force will normally notify you of the arrival of a potential Section 40 charge by serving Form CLA1 on you or your handling agents within 24 hours of the passenger’s arrival (or linkage by CCTV). On occasions your first notification of a potential charge may be receipt of a Notification of a Potential Liability to a Charge (Form IS80B).
The UK Border Force will prepare a local port file giving details of why there appears to be liability to a charge. The contents of the local port carriers’ liability file may be disclosed to you on request, (although any confidential personal information about a passenger will first be deleted).
The file will then be examined by a Port Inspector or Senior Officer. If the Officer decides that there is no action to be taken (perhaps, for example, because the falsity of a document was not reasonably apparent), you will be advised by a Notification of Arrival of an Improperly Documented Passenger (Form IS80A).
If it is decided that there is potential liability to a charge, you will be advised by service of a Notification of a Potential Liability to a Charge (Form IS80B), which will give details of the person’s arrival. This will be your first formal notification that a charge is likely to be levied.
Service of Notification of a Potential Liability to a Charge (Form IS80B), will indicate that the Officer has decided that a charge under the Act might be pursued. He will already have examined the case in detail, and will have taken account of all the issues, such as the standard of falsity, if a false document was presented or any exceptional circumstances.
As a carrier you, or your representative, have the right to view any document(s) used by a passenger where there is the possibility of a Section 40 charge being raised. If you wish to view a document, you should make arrangements with UKBF officials at the port at which the passenger arrived. It is advisable to contact the port as soon as possible after the arrival of the passenger as in some cases it is necessary to return the document with the passenger where the passenger is refused entry to the United Kingdom and removed back to the place of embarkation.
On receipt of a Notification of a Potential Liability to a Charge (Form IS80B), you have 30 days in which to make representations to the Port Inspector or Senior Officer. If you are unable to obtain the evidence you need within this period, please inform the Port Inspector/Senior Officer without delay. They may be prepared to approve a short extension for submission of your representations, provided that you contact them promptly and you can show reasonable cause for the delay.
Representations are usually made in writing but at larger ports it may be more beneficial for you to meet with the Port Inspector/Senior Officer on a regular basis to discuss all the charges you have incurred recently. If you would prefer to discuss charges in person then you should contact the Port Inspector/Senior Officer for the port at which your flight/sailing arrives to discuss this option.
Please note that the Port Inspector/Senior Officer is not obliged to consider representations received outside the 30-day period referred to above, unless an extension is sought, and given, at an early stage.
Your representations should give clear reasons why you consider that there is no liability to a charge. You may, for example, disagree that the falsity of a document is reasonably apparent, or produce evidence which you consider shows that the person was properly documented when he boarded, or it may be that you believe that the endorsements in the passport were unclear. Whatever your reasons, the Port Inspector/Senior Officer will be prepared to look at the case again in the light of what you have to say.
A letter of representation which does not address the particular issues of a case is unhelpful and should be avoided as it will not assist the Port Inspector/Senior Officer in his deliberations.
If you receive notification of a Section 40 charge for a passenger who has arrived without a document from a port where you have AGC Status (see Section 9) then you should make representations to the Port Inspector/Senior Officer in the normal way. You will not automatically receive a Notification of a Decision not to Proceed with Charge (Form IS80C) unless you make representations in this way.
Listed at Appendix A are some of the instances where the Port Inspector/Senior Officer is likely to consider that a charge should not be pursued. This list is not exhaustive. There will always be unusual or exceptional circumstances which could persuade him that a charge is inappropriate, but it is for you to make that case on an individual basis.
If the Port Inspector/Senior Officer, having considered any representations, decides that a charge should not be imposed, they will send you official notification of this by issuing a Notification of a Decision not to Proceed with Charge (Form IS80C). The case will then be closed.
If they decide to impose the charge, they will issue a Notification of Demand for Payment (Form IS80D) advising you that you have 30 days in which to pay.
Ports should respond to any representations made by you against a Section 40 charge within 30 days of receipt of that representation.
If you feel that the Port Inspector/Senior Officer should not have imposed the charge, you may object directly to the Inspector at the Carriers Liaison Section within 28 days of service of the Notification of Demand for Payment (Form IS80D). (See Section 6)
You may also appeal to the Court against the decision to charge you. (See Section 7)
Representations received after a “charge notice” (Notification of Demand for Payment Form IS80D) has been served will be considered as if they were written objections and will be dealt with by the Carriers’ Liaison Section.
You should note that objections must be submitted within 28 days of service of the Notification of Demand for Payment (Form IS80D). Any representations or objections received once this 28-day period has passed cannot be considered.
When you receive a “charge notice” (Notification of Demand for Payment Form IS80D) you may submit a written notice of objection by post, or preferably by e-mail directly to the Inspector at the Carriers Liaison Section at:
Carriers Liaison Section
The Quartet, Mondial Way
E-mail: [email protected]
Objections must be submitted within 28 days of service of the Notification of Demand for Payment (Form IS80D). They must be in writing, including any fresh information not previously available, and should explain clearly why you believe the decision made by the Port Inspector/Senior Officer was incorrect.
The Inspector at the Carriers Liaison Section will consider your objection and decide whether or not to cancel the charge. You will be notified of a decision within 70 days of service of Notification of Demand for Payment (Form IS80D) unless a longer period is agreed with you. Once again, if you require more than 28 days to obtain the necessary information to support your objections, you should still make your objections in writing as described above, explaining why you need extra time to provide further evidence. It may then be possible to agree a longer period with you for an objection to be lodged.
Please note that objections received outside the 28-day period referred to above cannot be considered.
Once the Carriers Liaison Section has responded to a Notice of Objection and the prescribed time limit for any Appeal to be lodged with the court (28 days after receipt of our response) has passed, no further review of the cases will take place.
Whether or not you give a written notice of objection you may appeal to the Court against the decision to charge you. You must appeal to the Court within 28 days of the service of the charge notice (Notification of Demand for Payment Form IS80D) or, if you make a written objection, within 28 days of service of our decision in response to your objections.
It is your responsibility to follow the correct legal procedures, and therefore you are advised to seek early independent advice if you are in any doubt as to how to proceed or as to the current appeal process. This guidance is not a substitute for independent legal advice.
The address for service of papers on the Home Office is:
The Treasury Solicitor
Government Legal Department
102 Petty France
Service can also be made by email to [email protected].
The Treasury Solicitor or his agent will endeavour to contact you within 7 working days with proposals for the progression of the appeal. It is therefore important that on all your correspondence you make sure you provide:
1. Your full contact address to which legal papers can be sent:
This will usually be your business contact details, or those of your legal representative
2. The individual port reference number:
This will be found at the top of the Notification of Demand for Payment (Form IS80D) and most other official documents you receive.
3. Your Appeal Claim Number provided by the court, and the court’s address:
Your individual Appeal Claim Number will be particular to the court being used and found at the top of any correspondence from the court.
Please make all payments to the following Home Office Bank Account:
Electronic Payments from outside the UK must quote:
Remittance detail (field 70): 12511 plus details of invoice or other information.
Note: Remitter is liable for all bank charges
Electronic Payments from a UK bank
Account Name: Home Office
Bank Name: Nat West
Sort Code: 60-70-80
Account Number: 10012672
IBAN (International only): GB28NWBK60708010012672
SWIFT/BIC (International only): NWBKGB2L
Cheque Payee Name: The Accounting Officer
Cheques should be made payable to: The Home Office Accounting Officer.
Cheques should be sent to:
Shared Service Centre, Cash Management Team,
HO Box 5005,
Remittance advices should be sent to either the address or email below.
Home Office Shared Service Centre
HO Box 5005
Transaction requests via email should be sent to: [email protected].
All general enquiries relating to the above should be directed to the Shared Service Centre on 0845 0100125.
Prompt payment of outstanding charges is required when the Notification of Demand for Payment (Form IS80D) is received, unless a written notice of objection is submitted and/or an appeal is lodged. If on objection it is decided not to cancel a charge and no appeal is lodged, or if an appeal to the Court is dismissed, payment must then be made within 28 days. The Home Office is responsible for recovering unpaid carriers’ liability debts, which are then remitted to the Consolidated Fund at HM Treasury. However, payment will not be pursued until rights of objection and appeal have been exhausted. The Home Office is committed to a programme designed to deal vigorously with any carrier demonstrating a persistent reluctance to pay its outstanding carriers’ liability charges.
Carriers should be aware that any sum payable to the Secretary of State as a charge under Section 40 I&AA may be recovered by the Secretary of State through the courts as a debt due to him. In any such proceedings for enforcement of a charge, no question may be raised as to the validity of the charge.
A credit may arise if the same charge is paid twice or if a charge that has been paid is later waived, perhaps because the person concerned has been granted refugee status (in that event you will not be given details of the charge concerned to protect the confidentiality of the asylum system).
If there are no outstanding charges on your account, the amount involved will be refunded unless you advise us that you wish this to be used to pay future charges.
In other cases the Home Office will automatically apply these credits on a monthly basis against the oldest undisputed charges open on account. We will write to you each month to confirm exactly how many credits have accrued and how they have been applied.
However, such credits will not be used to pay charges where objections or appeals are outstanding and where the charge has been placed under dispute. Neither will they be used to settle invoices where the time limit for objection or appeal has not passed, in which case we will exceptionally hold the credit over until the 28-day objection period has passed. Where there are no outstanding charges on your account the amount will be refunded.
Approved Gate Check Status is an arrangement whereby the Home Office agrees that it will normally waive charges relating to persons arriving without documents or in certain mutilated document cases where the carrier has AGC Status at that port of embarkation. It also offers up to two additional technical charge waivers per quarter.
AGC Status is granted in return for an audited high standard of document checking and security procedures at a port of embarkation, a good level of co-operation from you as the carrier, and a satisfactory record in respect of your responsibilities under Carriers’ Liability legislation and under Section 40 of the I&AA.
For details of attaining and retaining AGC accreditation, full guidance can be found on GOV.UK.
There is no implication that charges will be waived in cases where AGC Status has been granted other than those where the person appears to have disposed of his document after embarkation, or in certain mutilated document cases. A charge will, for example, be imposed for any person arriving without a visa or with a document where any falsity is reasonably apparent. Such cases may be indicative of a failure by the carrier to maintain the requisite high standard of document checks.
Any carrier holding AGC status on routes to the UK will be entitled to have two (2) charges per quarter, per individual route, waived for certain types of Inadequately Documented passenger arriving in the UK. These are:
AGC remains a recognition of high standards of document security conducted by an airline or sea carrier on a particular route into the UK. Carriers and handling agent staff can continue to expect support from UKBF in terms of training, passenger referrals to both UK helplines and local Immigration Liaison Managers, and alerts and guidance issued centrally from Carriers Liaison Section.
All AGC agreements will be on an open-ended basis but will be subject to a review to risk policy. Where Border Force or Immigration Enforcement International colleagues report any concerns to CLS, or where routine analysis of Inadequately Documented Arrival events at the UK border illustrate any issues, CLS will conduct a performance review of the route. Where necessary, this may include cancellation of AGC status.
Details about AGC Status can be obtained from https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/application-for-approved-gate-check-status or by contacting: [email protected]
Visa Information Cards (VICs) carry CL helpline contact details for all UKBF ports where you can expect to obtain definitive information as to whether a Section 40 charge is likely to be raised for the carriage of individual passengers. Carriers Liaison Section would like to stress that this helpline facility provides an important partnership between UKBF and our many stakeholders in the carrier community which was created to prevent the carriage of inadequately documented arrivals and to reduce their liability for charges. Ports will therefore make every effort to respond to all requests for assistance regardless of the nationality of the passenger (this includes calls concerning British citizens who have lost their documents). Ports will also take into account that you or your representative may be calling from an airline departure gate and that the time available for a response may be limited.
In the majority of cases it is expected that you will act on the advice given out by ports. However, you are not bound to act on the advice given and may, after taking into account commercial considerations, decide to carry the passenger anyway. In these circumstances’ ports will raise a Section 40 charge if appropriate.
Officers answering CL Helpline calls should provide the caller with their name, warrant number or a CL Log reference number.
You, or your representative, may wish to obtain the following information before using the CL Helpline:
If you require more information or advice on the administration of carriers’ liability charges under S.40 of the I&AA, please contact the Inspector at the United Kingdom port of entry served by your company. Alternatively, you may contact the Carriers Liaison Section for guidance on these matters as well as about payment of charges, at the following address:
Carriers’ Liaison Section
Telephone: 020 3014 8282
E-Mail: [email protected]
More detailed information on carrier training and training aids is available from:
Carriers’ Liaison Section
Telephone: 020 3014 8282
E-Mail: [email protected]
The following list describes some of the situations in which the Port Inspector/Senior Officer will normally be prepared to waive a charge in relation to a person who arrives without the required documents. This list is not exhaustive.
The Port Inspector/Senior Officer will take account of your previous record in carrying unauthorised persons. Account will also be taken of your record of cooperation with the UK Border Force in seeking to prevent the carriage of such persons, in particular whether you have acted on any advice offered by the UK Border Force and, in the case of sea carriers, whether you, or another person acting on your behalf, has made proper use of effective equipment used to search vehicles and containers. Such equipment may be provided by you, or the person acting on your behalf, or by the UK Border Force. Where you had no realistic alternative but to transport the passenger to or via the United Kingdom. An example would be where the law or the Government of another country required a passenger’s removal to or through the United Kingdom.
You should make sure that check-in staff, whether company employees or local handling agents, are aware that a waiver under this paragraph is unlikely to be granted more than once. In particular, where the same agent is responsible for handling more than one company, a charge may be maintained on any subsequent incident
Where, at the time of check-in, the person seeking to embark was:
In such circumstances the advised course of action, where possible, is to contact the nearest UNHCR or United Kingdom representative or the United Kingdom port of arrival, for advice and guidance on how best to proceed.
You are advised wherever possible, to ascertain whether a waiver is likely to be given in an individual case before embarkation.
A charge will be maintained if the visa itself has expired.
S40 of the I&AA 1999 has been amended by Section 125 of and Schedule 8 to the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002. ↩
Under S.40 (7) of the I&AA 1999 the Secretary of State may by order apply these provisions to passengers arriving by train. ↩
Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Act 2020 ↩
The Citizens’ Rights (Application Deadline and Temporary Protection) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 ↩
Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details.
To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone.